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Sistem Okulasi Sambung Stek Lada dengan Melada

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Mengingat harga lada yang sedang anjlok saat ini sepertinya terlalu kuno untuk dibahas, belum lagi ditambah dengan penyakit pada tanaman lada yang sulit diatasi serta susahnya merawat tanaman satu ini,menjadikan para petani harus berpikir ulang untuk berkebun lada.

Lada babel adalah tanaman yang mempunyai kulitas internaaional. Berkebun lada memang menjadi salah satu alternatif yang menjanjikan bagi masyarakat Bangka Belitung bila masalah-masalah seperti itu teratasi.

Oleh karena itu tidak capek-capeknya para petani, penangkar bibit serta pemerintah provinsi maupun kabupaten selalu mencari solusi dan inovasi terbaru agar mempermudah petani dalam memproduksi biji lada.

Beberapa penangkar bibit di Bangka Tengah mulai serius mengembangkan Bibit Lada dengan system okulasi sambung stek antara lada dengan Melada.

Teknik menyambung bagian bawah tanaman malada dengan batang tanaman lada ini diharapkan akan mengurangi dampak kematian pada tanaman lada yang disebabkan beberapa faktor diantaranya :

  • BPB ( Busuk Pangkal Batang) yang disebabkan oleh patogen phytophthora capsici;
  • Penyakit kuning yang disebabkan oleh jamur FUSARIUM OXYSPORIUM:
  • Penyakit kerdil atau keriting yang disebabkan oleh virus pepper yellow mottle dan cucumber mosaic. Penyakit yang tidak mematikan namun sangat menggangu produksi buah

Virus atau penyakit diatas masuk melalui mulut-mulut akar yang tanah disekeilingnya kering dan memudahkan jamur berkembang biak dan masuk lewat mulut akar sehingga akar menjadi busuk dan tanaman lada akan mudah terserang penyakit.

Oleh karena itu pak Holidi Alam salah satu penangkar bibit dari Bangka Tengah mengupayakan cara terbaik supaya system ketahanan tanaman lada bisa kebal terhadap penyakit tersebut.

Salah satu caranya adalah mengganti batang bawah lada dengan tanaman yang keras yang cocok dikawinkan dengan tanaman lada.

Kami bersama kawan-kawan penangkar bibit lada selalu berupaya bagaimana kawan-kawan yang berkebun lada bisa sukses,salah satu caranya adalah dengan cara menyediakan bibit unggul dan yang kebal penyakit.

Holidi

Tanaman Melada adalah tanaman asli asal hutan amazon yang dengan nama latin piper colubnium. Tanaman ini biasanya hidup disekitar perairan sungai amazon.

Tanaman ini tergolong jenis tanaman yang mampu beradaptasi dilingkungan lembab/kering dan mempunyai curah hujan yang tinggi.

Sifat ketahanan tanaman ini tehadap penyakit menjadi factor penting mengapa beberapa penangkar di Bangka tengah mulai melirik tanaman melada.

Yahhh,…

Semoga melada ini menjadi harapan baru bagi petani yang ada dibangka Belitung, Demi meningkatkan produksi serta mengurangi dampak kematian pada tanaman lada tutur pak holidi

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