Ketika melakukan intepretasi hukum dan penalaran dan interpretasi hukum terhadap suatu kasus, terdapat semacam proses yang memandu seorang sarjana hukum dalam memikirkannya. Proses itulah yang disebut dengan koherensi, meski tidak ada ukuran yang pasti namun biasanya mengenai pertanyaan tentang aspek logiskah? bagaimana sistematika? Adakah konsistensi?.

Karena Ilmu Hukum berlaku universal, tetapi sifat dari proses koherensi mengintepretasikan penalaran hukum dapat bersifat Koherensi Lokal (Local Coherence) atau Koherensi Global (Global Coherence). Dijelaskan berikut ini :

Local Coherence

Local Coherence merupakan konsistensi dari pemikiran Legal Dogmatic yang berprinsip Kompartemenisasi yakni hukum tertentu hanya dapat dipahami dan dimengerti oleh masyarakat tertentu. Penalaran hukum terhadap kasus tertentu hanya dapat diintepretasikan dengan hukum tertentu, dan haruslah tepat penerapannya.

Global Coherence

Global Coherence merupakan pemikiran atas konsekuensi logis dari perkembangan globalisasi yang berprinsip pada kompleksitas yakni hukum tertentu dapat dipahami dan dimengerti karena terintegrasi dengan arena norma hukum lainnya. Hal ini tercermin dalam pembahasan tentang hukum bagi kegiatan terorisme tidak terbatas membahas lapangan hukum pidana tetapi memikirkan koherensinya dengan hukum ekonomi yakni kegiatan pencucian uang dan analis transaksi keuangan.

John Ganesha Siahaan

Kelahiran Belinyu tertarik pada isue demokrasi, pembaharuan hukum dan pengawasan kebijakan publik. Aktif sebagai pekerja bantuan hukum dan Penggiat Ekonomi Kreatif pada Pengembangan Industti 4.O

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