Pengertian mediasi perdamaian dalam Hukum Acara Perdata

Mediasi Perdamaian merupakan suatu persetujuan di mana kedua belah pihak dengan menyerahkan, menjanjikan atau menahan suatu barang, mengakhiri suatu sengketa yang sedang bergantung atau mencegah timbulnya suatu perkara, dan persetujuan perdamaian tidak sah melainkan harus dibuat secara tertulis.

Dalam persengketaan selalu terdapat dua atau lebih pihak yang sedang bertikai dalam penyelesaian persengketaan, dapat saja para pihak menyelesaikanya sendiri tanpa melalui pengadilan misalnya mereka minta bantuan kepada sanak keluarga, pemuka masyarakat atau pihak lainnya, dalam upaya mencari penyelesaian persengketaan seperti ini cukup banyak yang berhasil.

Namun sering pula terjadi dikemudian hari salah satu pihak menyalahi perjanjian yang telah disepakati, untuk menghindari timbulnya kembali persoalan yang sama di kemudian hari, maka dalam praktek sering perjanjian damai itu dilaksanakan secara tertulis, yaitu dibuat akta perjanjian perdamaian.

A. Syarat sahnya suatu mediasi perdamaian

  1. Perdamaian harus atas persetujuan kedua belah pihak.
  2. Perdamaian harus mengakhiri sengketa
  3. Perdamaian harus atas dasar keadaan sengketa yang telah ada
  4. Bentuk perdamaian harus secara tertulis (akta perdamaian)

B. Tahapan serta pelaksanaan mediasi perdamaian dalam Hukum Acara Perdata

Tahapan pra mediasi dalam hukum acara perdata menurut PERMA NO 1 tahun 2008 :

Tahap Pra Mediasi

Pasal 7

Kewajiban Hakim Pemeriksa Perkara dan Kuasa Hukum

  1. Pada hari sidang yang telah ditentukan yang dihadiri kedua belah pihak, hakim mewajibkan para pihak untuk menempuh mediasi.
  2. Ketidakhadiran pihak turut tergugat  tidak  menghalangi pelaksanaan mediasi.
  3. Hakim, melalui kuasa hukum atau langsung kepada para pihak, mendorong para pihak untuk berperan langsung atau aktif dalam proses mediasi.
  4. Kuasa hukum para pihak berkewajiban  mendorong para pihak sendiri berperan langsung atau aktif dalam proses mediasi.
  5. Hakim wajib menunda proses persidangan perkara untuk memberikan kesempatan kepada para pihak menempuh proses mediasi.
  6. Hakim wajib menjelaskan prosedur mediasi dalam Perma ini kepada para pihak yang bersengketa.
  7. Jika usaha perdamaian berhasil, maka dibuat akta perdamaian, yang harus dibacakan terlebih dahulu oleh hakim dihadapan para pihak sebelum hakim menjatuhkan putusan yang menghukum kedua belah pihak untuk mentaati isi perdamaian tersebut.
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