Contoh Kasus Pidana Perlindungan Lahan Pertanian Pangan Berkelanjutan


Perlindungan Lahan Pertanian Pangan Berkelanjutan dikarenakan lahan pertanian memiliki peran dan fungsi strategis bagi masyarakat Indonesia yang bercorak agraris. Sejumlah besar penduduk Indonesia yang menggantungkan hidup pada sektor pertanian.

Lahan merupakan sumber daya alam yang bersifat langka karena jumlahnya tidak bertambah, tetapi kebutuhan terhadap lahan selalu meningkat. Untuk menjamin perlindungan akan ketersediaan lahan tersebut dibentuk UU No 41 Tahun 2009  Tentang Perlindungan Lahan Pertanian Pangan Berkelanjutan.

Dalam perkembangannya UU Perlindungan Lahan Pertanian Pangan Berkelanjutan (PLPPB) ini sebagian telah diubah dengan Pasal 124 UU Cipta Kerja No 11 Tahun 2020. Berdasarkan Pasal 72 dan 73 UU PLPPB terdapat sanksi pidana :

Pasal 72 UU Perlindungan Lahan Pertanian Pangan Berkelanjutan

Ayat 1. Orang perseorangan yang melakukan alih fungsi Lahan Pertanian Pangan Berkelanjutan sebagaimana dimaksud dalam Pasal 44 ayat (1) dipidana dengan pidana penjara paling lama 5 (lima) tahun dan denda paling banyak Rp1.000.000.000,00 (satu miliar rupiah).

Ayat 2. Orang perseorangan yang tidak melakukan kewajiban mengembalikan keadaan Lahan Pertanian Pangan Berkelanjutan ke keadaan semula sebagaimana dimaksud dalam Pasal 50 ayat (2) dan Pasal 51 dipidana dengan pidana penjara paling lama 3 (tiga) tahun dan denda paling banyak Rp3.000.000.000,00 (tiga miliar rupiah).

Ayat 3. Dalam hal perbuatan sebagaimana dimaksud pada ayat (1) dan ayat (2) dilakukan oleh pejabat pemerintah, pidananya ditambah 1/3 (satu pertiga) dari pidana yang diancamkan.

Pasal 73 UU Perlindungan Lahan Pertanian Pangan Berkelanjutan Perubahan UU Cipta Kerja

Setiap pejabat pemerintah yang menerbitkan persetujuan pengalihan lahan pertanian pangan berkelanjutan tidak sesuai dengan ketentuan sebagaimana dimaksud dalam pasal 44 ayat 1 dipidana dengan penjara paling singkat 1 tahun dan paling lama 5 tahun dan atau denda paling sedikit 1 miliar dan paling banyak 5 miliar.

Perbuatan Melanggar Perlindungan Lahan Pertanian Pangan Berkelanjutan

Pasal 44 (1) Lahan yang sudah ditetapkan sebagai Lahan Pertanian Pangan Berkelanjutan dilindungi dan dilarang dialihfungsikan.

Pasal 50 Ayat (2) Setiap orang yang melakukan alih fungsi tanah Lahan Pertanian Pangan Berkelanjutan di luar ketentuan sebagaimana dimaksud pada ayat (1) wajib mengembalikan keadaan tanah Lahan Pertanian Pangan Berkelanjutan ke keadaan semula

Pasal 51 (1) Setiap orang dilarang melakukan kegiatan yang dapat merusak irigasi dan infrastruktur lainnya serta mengurangi kesuburan tanah Lahan Pertanian Pangan Berkelanjutan

Contoh Kasus Pidana Perlindungan Lahan Pertanian Pangan Berkelanjutan

Berdasarkan Putusan Pengadilan Kediri Nomor 245/Pid.sus/2012/PN.Kdi Mardiono didakwa JPU Dengan sengaja menerima, membeli atau menjual, menerima tukar, menerima titipan, menyimpan atau memiliki hasil hutan yang diketahui atau patut diduga berasal dari kawasan hutan yang dimbil atau dipungut secara tidak sah”, sebagaimana diatur dan diancam pidana dalam Pasal 50 ayat (3) huruf f Jo Pasal 78 ayat (5) UU Nomor 41 Tahun 2009.

Mardiono diputus bersalah dan dijatuhkan hukuman pidana dengan pidana penjara selama : 6 (enam) bulan dan denda Rp.1.000.000,- (satu juta rupiah), subsidair 1 (satu) bulan. Sejumlah hasil hutan pun dirampas menjadi milik negara. Rampasan tersebut antara lain:

  • Kayu sengon sebanyak 1942 m2 berbagai ukuran diantaranya
  • Usuk ukuran 6 cm x 4 cm x 2 m sebanyak 39 batang ;
  • Usuk ukuran 6 cm x 4 cm x 3 m sebanyak 49 batang;
  • Papan ukuran 2 cm x 20 cm x 2 m sebanyak 173 lembar;
  • 1 (satu) unit mobil Pick Up/ Colt T Mitsubishi tahun 1973 warna biru kuning Nopol. AG 9430 DC.

John Ganesha Siahaan

Kelahiran Belinyu tertarik pada isue demokrasi, pembaharuan hukum dan pengawasan kebijakan publik. Aktif sebagai pekerja bantuan hukum dan Penggiat Ekonomi Kreatif pada Pengembangan Industti 4.O

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