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CIRI – CIRI TINDAK PIDANA KORUPSI DAN MODUS OPERANDI MONEY LAUNDERING

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Ciri – ciri tindak pidana Korupsi sebagian dirumuskan secara khusus dan sebagian lagi masih menggunakan pendekatan Tindak Pidana KUHP. Hal ini dipertegas pada Pasal 1 Ayat (2) UU No 20 Tahun 2001 tentang Perubahan Atas Undang-Undang Nomor 31 Tahun 1999 bahwa ada beberapa ketentuan delik korupsi yang semula mengacu pada KUHP , diubah menjadi ketentuan delik tersendiri.

Dengan demikian untuk mengetahui ciri-ciri tindak pidana korupsi secara normatif dapat ditelusuri pada :

  1. Pasal 2, 3, 13, 14, 15,16, 21, 23 dan 24 UU Nomor 31 Tahun 1999 tentang Pemberantasan Tindak Pidana Korupsi beserta penjelasan Pasal 2 tentang Keadaan tertentu yang diubah dengan UU No 20 Tahun 2001;
  2. Pasal 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 12A, 12B, 12C UU Nomor 20 Tahun 2001 tentang Pemberantasan Tindak Pidana Korupsi

Dari rumusan delik tindak pidana korupsi tersebut, maka secara operasional dapat ditemukan ciri – ciri tindak pidana korupsi adalah :

CIRI – CIRI TINDAK PIDANA KORUPSI

  1. Melibatkan lebih dari satu orang. Seseorang itu memiliki perannya tersendiri atau berada diluar negeri, pejabat berwenang;
  2. Tindakan dilakukan secara rahasia, bisa saja tidak saling kenal, menggunakan bahasa sandi, bahkan menghindari jejak pertemuan terbuka;
  3. Mengandung seduction (pendapat Fockema Andrea) yakni adanya suatu barang/uang/ memperkaya diri sesuatu yang menarik membuat seseorang berkenan untuk melakukan penyelewenangan agar maksud nya dapat terwujud;
  4. Mengelak peraturan atau memanipulasi hukum dengan berlindung pada imunitas atau previeliege yang dimiliki para pelaku dan kroninya;
  5. Biasanya ditemukan adanya dukungan berupa keputusan atau memo dari pemegang peran eksekutif, yudikatif, maupun legislatif ;
  6. Pelaku dan Kroni mengetahui perbuatannya harus melanggar kepercayaan baik yang bersumber dari nuraninya juga yang bersumber dari sumpah jabatan profesinya.
  7. Tindakan lainnya menghalangi proses penyidikan, dan pemberian keterangan dimuka pengadilan yang berhubungan dengan tindak pidana korupsi.

Oleh karena perbuatan tindak pidana korupsi telah disusun secara khusus melalui undang-undang khusus. Maka Perbuatan Korupsi merukan tindak pidana khusus. Karakter khusus tindak pidana korupsi pun terlihat dari bagaimana ciri-ciri tindak pidana korupsi tidak lah cukup disebut dengan delik pencurian, pemalsuan dokumen, penipuan atau mal administrasi pemerintah.

Ciri – Ciri Tindak Pidana Korupsi melibatkan banyak orang penting yang memegang jabatan publik dan peran pengaruh dan bisa jadi dimensi asing turut terlibat dalam kegiatannya, Misalnya, ternyata Menteri KKP Edi Prabowo barulah mewujudkan penyelewengannya diluar negeri. Kemampuan Penyidik KPK maupun kejaksaan harus memiliki pemahaman hukum nasional dan internasional. Lebih tepat TIndak Pidana Korupsi disebut sebagai Extra Ordinary Crime.

Selanjutnya Modus Operandi Money Laundering

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John Ganesha Siahaan

Kelahiran Belinyu tertarik pada isue demokrasi, pembaharuan hukum dan pengawasan kebijakan publik. Aktif sebagai pekerja bantuan hukum dan Penggiat Ekonomi Kreatif pada Pengembangan Industti 4.O

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