Alur Penerbitan Izin Lingkungan


Sejak adanya UU Cipta Kerja Alur Penerbitan Izin Lingkungan diubah menjadi Alur Penerbitan Persetujuan Lingkungan. Alur Penerbitan Izin Lingkungan di Indonesia yang sebelumnya mengacu pada ketentuan PP No. 27 Tahun 2012 tentang Izin Lingkungan kini menggunakan PP No 21 Tahun 2021.

Karena izin lingkungan identik dengan dokumen lingkungan hidup. Sangat penting untuk membuka PermenLHK RI Nomor 38 Tahun 2019 untuk mengetahui apa saja Jenis Rencana Usaha Dan/Atau Kegiatan yang Wajib Memiliki AMDAL.

Setelah terbitnya UU Cipta Kerja No 11 Tahun 2020 dan PP No 21 Tahun 2021, alur penerbitan Izin Lingkungan telah diganti. Izin lingkungan diubah dengan sebutan Persetujuan Lingkungan.

Cermati Pasal 1 Angka 35 UU No 32 Tahun 2009 yang semula memberikan definsi tentang Izin Lingkungan telah diubah menjadi Persetujuan Lingkungan (vide Pasal 1 Angka 35 UU Cipta Kerja).

Persetujuan lingkungan adalah keputusan kelayakan lingkungan hidup atau pernyataan kesanggupan pengelolaan lingkungan hidup yang telah mendapatkan persetujuan dari pemerintah pusat atau pemerintah daerah

Pasal 22  Ayat (1) Point 1 Angka 35 UU Cipta Kerja No 11 Tahun 2020


Berdasarkan PP No. 27 Tahun 2012 tentang Izin Lingkungan, alur penerbitan Izin Lingkungan dimulai dari penyusunan Amdal atau UKL-UPL kemudian dilakukan pemeriksaan dan penilaian Amdal atau UKL-UPL, lalu permohonan dan penerbitan Izin Lingkungan oleh pemerintah dan atau pemerintah daerah.

Pada tahap penyusunan AMDAL, pelaku usaha berperan sebagai pemrakarsa menyusun hasil kajiannya ke dalam dokumen Amdal. Beberapa informasi yang harus dimuat adalah mengenai Kerangka Acuan, Analisa Dampak Lingkunga Hidup dan RKL-RPL.

Setelah Penyusunan dokumen AMDAL telah selesai, maka dokumen tersebut akan diperiksa oleh Komisi Penilai Amdal (KPA). Tim teknis yang dibentuk oleh KPA memeriksa kembali dokumen AMDAL dari Pemrakarsa, bisa saja terjadi beberapa kali perbaikan.

Demikian pula KPA, komisi ini dapat menggelar rapat termasuk rekomendasi kelayakan atau ketidaklayakan lingkungan hidup. Selurunnya sekitar 75 hari kerja diberikan waktu untuk melakukan penilaian.

Setelah proses pemeriksaan dan penilaian telah selesai, maka permohonan dan penerbitan izin usaha lingkungan dapat diajukan kepada Menteri, gubernur, atau bupati/walikota sesuai dengan kewenangannya.

Didalam permohonan izin lingkungan harus dilengkapi dengan:

  1. dokumen Amdal atau formulir UKL-UPL;
  2. dokumen pendirian Usaha dan/atau Kegiatan; dan
  3. profil Usaha dan/atau Kegiatan.

John Ganesha Siahaan

Kelahiran Belinyu tertarik pada isue demokrasi, pembaharuan hukum dan pengawasan kebijakan publik. Aktif sebagai pekerja bantuan hukum dan Penggiat Ekonomi Kreatif pada Pengembangan Industti 4.O

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